Do Honey Bees Bite Humans? Here’s The Answer

Have you ever wondered if bees can bite? In the realm of bee-related discoveries, researchers recently stumbled upon a remarkable finding—bees possess the unexpected ability to bite.

Bees employ biting as a crucial defense mechanism to safeguard their hives from wax moths and ward off smaller threats that are immune to stinging. Despite being underestimated, biting proves to be an effective and commonly used function among different bee species for protection and survival.

Do Honey Bees Bite Humans? Here's The Answer

In this article, we’ll discover the answers to this puzzling question, do bees bite? And also add some fascinating facts about these industrious creatures. Join us as we explore the world of bee bites and uncover their remarkable capabilities.

Who Discovered that Bees Can Bite?

In an unexpected turn of events, a team of Greek and French researchers stumbled upon a remarkable finding—the revelation that bees possess the surprising ability to bite. 

This accidental discovery unfolded during their study on the wax moth, a notorious threat to bees and their hives. By employing the natural chemical 2-Heptanone, which bees produce, the researchers intended to combat this persistent pest. 

However, the true impact of this chemical turned out to be quite different from what they initially expected. This captivating revelation led them down a path of further investigation, shedding light on a fascinating aspect of bee behavior.

Upon conducting extensive tests and analysis, the team made an intriguing observation: bees resort to biting when confronted with adversaries too small to be stung. This behavior serves as an adaptive defense mechanism, enabling bees to combat threats that would otherwise be immune to their stingers. 

Notably, any bee equipped with mandibles—strong jaws designed for various tasks—has the potential to deliver a bite. This includes honeybees, stingless bees, and other bee species with mandibles.

The discovery of bees’ biting capability adds a new layer of understanding to these industrious insects. Beekeepers and those engaged in interactions with bees now have valuable insights into the multifaceted nature of their defensive responses. 

Understanding the interplay between biting and stinging behaviors is crucial for effectively managing and working with bees, ensuring the well-being of both the bees themselves and those involved in apicultural practices.

Can Bees Bite You? 

Did you ever wonder if bees bite? While not a widespread occurrence, it’s worth exploring the intriguing truth behind bee bites.

In certain situations, particularly when faced with smaller creatures that are beyond the reach of their stingers, honey bees resort to an alternative defense mechanism—a bite. These bites occur when a bee employs its mandibles, the “jaws” of the insect, to seize the target.

Mandibles are fascinating structures that allow bees to grasp objects with precision. In the case of honey bees, their mandibles are equipped with distinctive grooves, resembling teeth, which aid in their gripping capabilities.

Interestingly, when a bee bites, its mandibles may release chemicals. These chemical secretions, originating from glands within the mandibles, add an aspect to the biting behavior of bees.

While bee bites may not be commonplace, understanding this lesser-known aspect of their behavior sheds light on the multifaceted nature of these remarkable creatures.

Can Bees Bite Humans?

Although bees do not frequently bite humans, it can occur. Most people associate bees with their stingers because they tend to sting humans when they are aggressive, rather than biting them. This sting can be deadly for certain bee species as it causes their abdomens to rupture when they fly away.

However, some bees do not possess stingers but can still bite humans.

So, what happens when a bee bites you?

When a bee bites you, it injects an anesthetic chemical into your body. This chemical can paralyze certain small creatures, but the dosage is not sufficient to have such an effect on humans.

To release this chemical, the bee’s mandibles must break through your skin. If the mandibles fail to break the skin, the chemical cannot be released.

What Kinds of Bees Bites?

Bees are generally not known for biting. However, certain types of bees can bite if they feel threatened or provoked. These include:

1. Carpenter Bees

While they primarily use their mandibles (jaws) to chew through wood to create nesting sites, they are also capable of biting if they perceive a threat.

2. Leafcutter Bees

Leafcutter bees have strong mandibles that they use to cut leaves for constructing their nests. Although their bite is not typically aggressive, they may bite if they feel threatened.

Differences Between Bees Bite and Bees Sting

Bee StingBee Bite
Action The bee stings by injecting venom into the skin using its stinger, which gets embedded in the skin.Bees do not usually bite humans, but in rare cases, they may bite as a defensive action when unable to sting.
SensationCauses localized pain, redness, and swelling, and may include itching or a raised bump at the site of the sting.Typically causes minor discomfort, such as a slight pinch or irritation.
VenomThe venom injected during a sting can cause a localized reaction and, in some cases, allergic reactions.Bee bites do not involve venom injection.
Stinger Honeybees, the most common bees encountered by humans, have barbed stingers that get left behind in the skin, causing the bee to die. Other bees (e.g., bumblebees) and wasps can sting multiple times.Bees do not have specialized biting structures, but in rare cases, they may use their mouthparts to bite as a defensive action.
SeverityThe severity of a bee sting reaction can vary. While most people experience mild to moderate symptoms, some may have severe allergic reactions requiring immediate medical attention.Bee bites are generally milder in terms of sensation and reaction compared to a sting.
Frequency Bee stings are more common than bee bites, as stinging is a natural defense mechanism for bees.Bee bites are less common and occur only in specific situations when bees are unable to sting.
Recommended Action After a bee sting, it’s important to remove the stinger if present, clean the area, apply ice or a cold compress, and monitor for signs of an allergic reaction. Seek medical attention for severe reactions.If bitten by a bee, clean the area, apply a cold compress if desired, and monitor for any unusual symptoms. Most bee bites do not require medical attention unless complications arise.

The terms “bee sting” and “bee bite” are often used interchangeably, but they refer to different actions and sensations. Let’s clarify the difference between the two:

Bee Sting

When a bee stings, it uses its stinger to inject venom into the skin. The stinger has barbs that get embedded in the skin, and when the bee tries to fly away, the stinger and venom sac are left behind. 

The venom causes a localized reaction, leading to pain, redness, swelling, and sometimes itching or a raised bump at the site of the sting. In some cases, people may also experience allergic reactions to bee stings, which can be more severe and require immediate medical attention.

Bee Bite

Bees do not typically bite humans. However, they might occasionally bite as a defensive action when they are unable to sting. Bee bites are not as common as bee stings, and the sensation is generally milder compared to a sting. 

A bee bite may cause minor discomforts, such as a slight pinch or irritation, but it typically does not result in the same level of pain or venomous reaction associated with a sting.

It’s worth noting that honeybees, which are the most common bees encountered by humans, can only sting once. Once they sting, they usually die due to the detachment of their stinger.


In conclusion, it is worth noting that while some bees are known for stinging, it is often overlooked that bees can also bite. What’s intriguing is that bees capable of biting also carry certain chemicals in their mouths and on their legs. 

Surprisingly, when these chemicals come into contact with our eyes and mucous membranes, they can produce a sensation similar to being stung. This reveals that bees, in their relentless defense of their precious honey, possess a diverse array of weapons. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What Does a Bee Bite Look Like?

Bees do not typically bite; they sting. When a bee bites, it injects venom into the skin, causing a small, swollen, and reddish bump with a white center. It may be accompanied by pain, itching, and mild to moderate allergic reactions in some individuals.

What Attracts Bees to Sting?

Bees are attracted to flower-like features and scents. If you resemble a flower through your appearance or the products you use, such as specific sunscreens, shampoos, perfumes, and aftershaves, bees are more likely to be drawn to you. Flowery prints, shiny jewelry, and buckles also catch their attention.

Can a Bee Sting Make You Sick?

A bee sting can trigger a strong allergic reaction that, although not deadly, can cause significant discomfort. Symptoms may encompass hives, nausea, dizziness, abdominal cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, low blood pressure, and swelling beyond the immediate sting area.

Which Bees Bite Instead of Stings?

Honeybees resort to biting smaller threats like wax moths and parasitic varroa mites that infiltrate their hive. Their bite carries a natural anesthetic, rendering the intruder paralyzed, enabling the bees to remove it from their dwelling by dragging it away.

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